Constitutional Adjudication from
a Sociological Perspective
Within the sociological investigation of the judiciary there is a separate branch of research in recent years, which concerns constitutional adjudication and the investigation of the factual operation of the constitutional courts. This research emerged in the United States at the turn of the millennium, where constitutional adjudication and the ordinary judiciary are intertwined anyway. However, as from the ’90s, the separate constitutional courts multiplied in the whole world and the central role of these courts in politics and law have also become increasingly visible; the increased interest gradually established a comparative sociology of the constitutional courts. The main actors in this research field are still the American researchers, but as a result of their research – and often through their research using foreign co-researchers for country reports – there are Independent research teams nowadays in a lot of countries that cultivate and expand the sociological investigation of constitutional courts. The se
investigations are complemented by analyses based on insider information
of the constitutional courts from some countries, such as those supplied by Mrs. Dominique Schnapper, a member of the French Constitutional Council, who wrote a book on sociology of the French constitutional adjudication. Another example is the analysis of Uwe Kranenpohl based on in-depth interviews with German constitutional judges. The re are a lot of research aspects in this field, but in this study only the most important ones can be analyzed.
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