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Katalog/Vorschau / Sachbuch - Wissenschaft / Rechtswissenschaft
Protecting the Constitution
Protecting the Constitution
The Characteristics of Constitutional and Judicial Review in Hungary 1990–2010
EUR 9,00    EUR (A) 10,20   sFr 18,50
ISBN 978-3-939337-86-7
64 Seiten, Softcover, 16,5 x 24 cm
Nur als E-BOOK erhältlich.
This is a short study about the Hungarian model of constitutional review as it exists from 1990 to the end of 2011.

It also aims to describe the constitutional framework (or background) of the judicial review (judicial control) of administrative acts, as the judicial control over legislation and the executive play an unconditional role in the process during which “[t]he constitutional state becomes a reality.” This could only happen “when the Constitution is truly and unconditionally given effect. (…) Not only the regulations and the operation of the state organs must comply strictly with the Constitution but the Constitution's values and its "conceptual culture" must imbue the whole of society. This is the rule of law and this is how the Constitution becomes a reality. The realization of the constitutional state is a continuous process.”[1]

The book is mainly based on the Country Report I presented to the conference Constitutional Courts, Human Rights, Democracy and Development (Konrad Adenauer Stiftung & Max-Planck-Institut, Heidelberg, 12-13 November 2009) but I amended the text with a short analysis on the constitutional framework and reasoning on the judicial control of the administrative acts. In this short book I intend to describe the Hungarian model of constitutional review as it existed in its original form, before the jurisdiction of the Court and the electoral process of the members had been changed in 2010, although these modifications, even the restrictions upon the jurisdiction, have not altered the model completely. However, they forecasted a more serious change: the introduction a new model.

After the enactment of the new Hungarian Constitution (The Basic Law of Hungary, entering into force on the 1st of January 2012) it seem definite that a new (or at least a modified) model of constitutional review and is probable that a different system of judicial review will start their operation. I deemed it important to summarize the main characteristics of the two. Before the Change.

Table of contents

Preface            7

I.          The Model and Institution of Constitutional Review 9

1.         The establishment and the organization of the Hungarian constitutional judiciary            9

2.         The relations with the ordinary courts   13

3.         Judicial or political?            16

4.            Professional qualifications, nomination, term and reappointment            17

II.        Review Powers and Competences            21

1.            Constitutional review of statutory legislation in abstracto            21

2.         Court initiated concrete constitutional review  25

3.            Concrete review and individual complaints            26

4.            Disputes concerning the separation of powers            28

5.            Impeachment of high public officials            29

6.         Binding opinions on matters of constitutional interpretation            29

7.            Referendums and complaints            31

III.       Binding effect of decisions of the Constitutional Court   33

1.         Who is bound by the decisions?             33

2.         Is the legislature also bound? 34

3.         Binding effect and the ordinary courts            35

4.            Overruling        36

5.            Compliance with the decisions            37

IV.       Main Fields of Constitutional Review 39

1.            Fundamental rights            39

2.            Freedom of expression            42

3.         Social rights    44

4.            Discrimination   46

5.         Local government rights    48

6.            Taxation          49

V.        The Judicial Review of Administrative Acts and Rule of Law 51

1.            Socialist state and review  52

2.         The review of constitutional character            52

3.            Subordination to the law – substantive constitutionality            54

4.            Authority to act 55

5.         The constitution and the administrative justice  56

VI.            Changing administration – unchanged paradigm            59

VII.            Conclusions      61

 

 
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